Timberg, Thomas A. In northern Gujarat, the Dasa Shrimali Shravaks (Jain Shrimalis) will marry Dasa Shrimali Meshris (Hindu Shrimalis). example: 75. Acharya. The Bania, or Baniya, are a large trading community. Marriages are arranged and are often seen as business associations between two families as well as unions of a boy and girl. The word Bania (also Vania) is derived from the Sanskrit vanij, meaning "a merchant." Of interest here, Mahalakshmi or Lakshmi is the Hindu goddess of wealth and is of great importance to the Bania castes. Dholakia has an occupational origin and refers to an individual who deals in ‘Dhodka,’ an unprocessed grey cloth. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari (literally) and even further to Srilanka . It comes from the Gujarati word ‘sheth’ or ‘seth’ that means master, chief, or the head. This information is for educational purposes only and not a substitute for professional health services. The surname Lakhani means ‘descendant of Lakh.’ The word ‘Lakh’ comes from ‘Laksmana,’ a Sanskrit word which means, ‘one who has auspicious marks.’ Lakhani is also a common surname among Sindhis. Family planning is practiced to limit family size. Some scholars argue it was Bania moneylenders who funded British economic development in India. The Oswal and Porwal Banias and the Panjabi Khatris also have clans called Mehta. Deshastha Brahmins are the largest Brahmin subcaste from Maharashtra and northern Karnataka in India.Common Deshastha surnames such as, Deshmukh, Kulkarni, Deshpande, Joshi, and Khamkar denote the families' ancestral professions. Identification. The term is widely used to identify members of the traditional mercantile or business castes of India. This Gujarati surname is considered to have derived from the Hindustani word ‘panch’ meaning ‘five.’ The name Panchal likely referred to those who belonged to any of the five artisanal communities of blacksmiths, goldsmiths, coppersmiths, carpenters, and stonemasons. The life-cycle rituals of the Banias conform in general to Hindu and Jain practices, although they may show variations in their details. Kumar: The surname Kumar is found in several Indian 76. The surname Jariwala or Zariwala probably refers to someone who produces and sells jari/zari. "Banias One account says they came from her thigh; another, from her garland. Even though a woman may not use her education, it may be essential for finding her a suitable husband. A large number of Deshastha surnames are … Though some members of the Bania castes are cultivators, more Banias than any other caste follow their traditional caste occupation. Thus, Banias are bankers, moneylenders, traders, and shopkeepers. Amin (originally the Patidar caste in Gujarat) probably had an occupational origin referring to individuals who worked as tax collectors for the Mughal Empire. Banias speak the language of the region from which they originate. Bania families display the typical joint family structure of Hindu society. The Bania castes make up the mercantile classes of Hindu society, and most Banias continue to follow their traditional occupation today. org: Out of 83 students in the top-10, 46 students belong to government schools, while only 38 private schools students have been able to The more conservative groups prefer traditional education to Western schooling. Many remain small entrepreneurs, running stores and shops in villages and towns across India, they are traders of grain, groceries, and spices and also work as money lenders. Thus, Rawal/Raval refers to those who originally came from a family of commanders or kings. Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press Uneducated peasants who borrow money at high rates of interest so that they can grow their crops may never be able to pay off the loan. DALITS The Rig Veda, which dates back at least to the second millennium before the common era, described the origins of the entire universe fr…, PRONUNCIATION: muh-RAHT-uhz A variety of turbans are worn, depending on locality, but all clearly identify the wearer as a Bania. Mani: Some castes, such as the Shrimalis, have both Hindu ("Meshri") and Jain ("Shravak") sections. This name is widespread in Iran and the subcontinent. However, it is assumed that ‘Rubberwala’ probably has an occupational origin, and referred to individuals who sold or produced rubber. Ambani has a religious origin, given to individuals belonging to ‘Modh Bania Religion.’ Individuals with the Ambani surname are Baniya (Vaishanav), and belong to the business community. Doshi is a common Gujarati surname, which means a ‘cloth-selling hawker.’ The surname likely would have been an occupational one. The Gujarati surname ‘Choksi’ derives its name from the Gujarati word ‘Coksi,’ which means ‘assayer of gold and silver.’. Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life. Speakers of the Telugu language inhabit Andhra Pradesh State in south India as well as border are…, Dalits As "twice-born" Hindus, they do not face the discrimination met by low-caste and Untouchable communities. They have made good use of media and communication and benefited from the government's development programs. LOCATION: India (Maharashtra state) Marriage among the Banias reflects the basic differences between North and South India, as well as differing regional customs. The word Bania (also Vania) is derived from the Sanskrit vanij, meaning "a merchant." The surname ‘Patlikh’ evolved into Patel to denote a village chief or the headman of a village. Both institutions are supported by charitable contributions from Banias. The role of women is primarily to deal with domestic matters, with the business affairs of the family left in the hands of the men. Indian Tamils are those who speak Tamil. Identification. Shah derives its name from ‘sahukaar, ’a Gujarati word that means merchant, banker, or money-lender. Garg is a Bania and Jain surname. Surnames connect us to generations past. They contribute heavily to the support of temples and religious institutions. Agriculturists use fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation to increase crop yields. Fever During Pregnancy: Can It Harm Your Baby? Widow remarriage is allowed and is becoming acceptable except in Karnataka, where it is definitely not permitted. While they mainly inhabit the Indian state of Gujarat, they have a diaspora worldwide. "Pahari" can refer to any mountain-dwelling people, but in north India it generally designates the…, ETHNONYMS: Tamilar, Tamilian Check out these powerful Indian last names along with their meanings and see whether yours is on the list. "Banias It is assumed the surname would have been a title for a nobleman or noblewoman. It is an occasion for the worship of Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, and is also a time when the financial books for the old year are closed and new ones started for the coming year. The surname thus refers to a treasurer. Young boys receive training in traditional accounting methods, mathematics, and mental arithmetic at an early age. Brahmins as a varna is present all over the subcontinent . There is, perhaps, an element of truth in this stereotype. If Gujarati surnames fascinate you, then read on as MomJunction brings you a list of 50 most common and popular Gujarati surnames with their interesting meanings. They are also found in the Middle East and among the Indian populations of the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. For example, Divali, the Hindu "Festival of Lights," is kept by all Hindus but it holds particular importance for the Bania castes. ALTERNATE NAMES: Mahrattas; Mahrattis The women sing folksongs and dance at marriages, births and festivals. The exact meaning of the surname is unknown. Two unusual institutions of the Banias are the pinjrapol and the goshala. Some scholars have argued that the harsh desert environment of Rajasthan forced much of the population to turn to nonagricultural occupations to support themselves. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1978. Surnames from respective regions are mentioned below - * Kashmir Witnessed persecution A wealthy man may wear a silver girdle, a gold armlet above the elbow, earrings, a necklace, and rings on his fingers. Thus, Banias are bankers, moneylenders, traders, and shopkeepers. They are split between the Svetambara ("white-clad") and Digambara ("sky-clad") sects of Jainism. New Delhi: Decent Books, 2003. Though some members of the Bania castes are cultivators, more Banias than any other caste follow their traditional caste occupation. Patel comes from the word ‘Patlikh,’ which was a title given by the king to someone who worked as a record keeper of crops and taxes from a piece of land. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. They do not drink alcohol but smoke and chew tobacco and paan (betel leaf.). Traditionally, the Bania are strict vegetarians whose diet consists of wheat, rice, maize, pulses, lentils, vegetables, fruit and dairy products. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life. Although no recent data are available, the Bania castes make up an estimated 6% or 7% (or 55 million to 65 million people) of India's Hindu population. A wedding is an occasion for a display of wealth and may often last as long as eight days. The Saralia are an offshoot of the Bisa who migrated to Saralia, near Ambala in Haryana State. The Birlas, for example, one of the most prominent business families in India, belong to the Marwari community of Calcutta, and the Singhanias, Modis, and Bangurs, also among the top ten business houses in India, are also Marwari. Narendra Modi belongs to Modh-Ghanchi caste, which was added to OBCs categories in 1994, says Gujarat government - Responding to Congress charge that Narendra Modi was a 'fake'OBC, Gujarat government cited its two-decade old notification which says the Modh-Ghanchi (oil-pressers) caste, to which Modi belongs, was inlcuded in Other Backward Castes (OBCs) categories. Their homeland in India from ancient times was know…, caste [Port., casta=basket], ranked groups based on heredity within rigid systems of social stratification, especially those that constitute Hindu In…, Telugu The surname Jariwala or Zariwala probably refers to someone who produces and sells jari/zari. The Gujarati people or Gujaratis, are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group who speak Gujarati, an Indo-Aryan language. and in Uttar Pradesh. The word Jain comes from the Sanskrit word ‘jina,’ which means victory. Their families follow local caste customs in terms of arranged marriages, child marriage, dowry demands, widow remarriage, etc., even though child marriages and the giving of dowries have been legally banned by the government of India. On his deathbed, a Hindu Bania in Gujarat traditionally performs Godan ("the gift of a cow") by giving a Brahman a cow or the monetary value of a cow. Chowdhury in Sanskrit refers to ‘holder of four,’ where four probably indicated the measure of land granted by the king. They have built, and still support, hospitals, schools, colleges, and universities throughout India. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved.
However, it is assumed that Ganjawala may have an occupational origin referring to individuals or their ancestors who produced or sold Ganja (cannabis). I’m going to hazard a guess that you have an issue with a khatri individual. Indian (Gujarat, Rajasthan): Hindu (Bania, Vania) and Jain name, from Gujarati sah ‘merchant’ (from Sanskrit sadhu ‘honest’, ‘good’). In Gujarat, this consists of a dhoti, over which is worn a jacket, a long-sleeved coat known as an angarkha, and a shoulder cloth (pichodi). A list of submitted surnames in which the usage is Gujarati. This name was originally Sah; it appears to have been altered under the influence of the Persian word for 'king'. Babb, Lawrence A. Alchemies of Violence. . The Shrimali Brahmans are still the family priests for the Shrimali Banias. Barot was originally the name of a community that derived itself from the Bhat community. It probably is a combination of the words screw and ‘wala’ meaning seller or maker. The exact meaning of the Ganjawala surname is unknown. It is the Gujarati word for a parrot. The Bania surname Mahajan comes from the Hindi word ‘mahajan’, which means ‘banker’ or money lender’. Jains celebrate the usual festivals of Jainism, but they, too, observe Divali, which coincides with their own festival honoring the death of the founder of the religion, Mahavira. It has the Parekh (Gujarati Bania) with a protagonist who is a Gujarati Rajput (Vaghela). Divorce is not socially permitted but does occur rarely. The most recent, the Shri Radhakrishna Temple in Calcutta, with its exquisite Rajasthani carvings, was dedicated in 1996. Today, many of the country's important industrialists and capitalists come from the Bania castes. Your bibliography complete household chores to Srilanka nobleman or noblewoman to priestly class of has... Years as in 2019 altered under the influence of the Banias conform in general Hindu... 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