the meeting of cortés and montezuma painting

Required fields are marked *. Moctezuma ordered that he be kept informed of any new sightings of foreigners at the coast and posted extra watch guards to accomplish this. The empire that once extended from central Mexico to what is now Honduras and Nicaragua came to an end after the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes took the emperor Montezuma II … Painted in the seventeenth century, the eight detailed canvases tell the story of the 1521 Spanish conquest of the native Aztec people. The city is connected to the rest of the land by several causeways.] But when Hernán Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico in 1519, he began an entirely new kind of encounter in human history. 0000001200 00000 n But when it comes to strangers, nothing is as simple as it seems, as we’ve seen with Cortés and Montezuma. 0000001979 00000 n 289x400 Montezuma A Hostage In Cortes Hands Arthur A. Dixon Reproduction - Montezuma Painting. 0000080547 00000 n Various scenes of the conquest play out over the ten front panels, among them the meeting of Cortés and Moctezuma, the siege of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, and the assassination of Moctezuma. When Montezuma Met Cortés digs deep into the details of 16th-century exploration and imperialism (including 150 pages of footnotes and bibliography), but it also rolls along easily with Restall's colloquial asides and skeptical common sense. 0000000016 00000 n This book is about why they often go wrong, and why we are so bad at understanding the strangers we come across. Why does meeting a stranger face-to-face sometimes make it harder to make sense of that person than it would be without meeting them at all? He bowed his head low, stretched as far as he could, and stood firm. In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. We’ll cover how Cortés and Montezuma met, and look at how this meeting between two people of completely different backgrounds, mindsets, and assumptions is indicative of misreadings of strangers that are common today. The meeting of Cortés and Montezuma shows why they often result in failed interactions with strangers. Cortés men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor. This is an example of one of the first times in human history that two people with entirely different assumptions, histories, and cultural backgrounds were thrown into contact. So what should we do? If our society is to avoid failed interactions between strangers, we must learn to: Most importantly, we must learn not to blame the stranger when an encounter goes awry, but to look into how our own instincts might have played a part, as well. 0000080324 00000 n 521x600 The Encounter Between Hernando Cortes 1485 1547 And Montezuma Ii - Montezuma Painting . 0000006180 00000 n Are you not he? Ruler’s feather headdress (probably of Motecuhzoma II). The Meeting of Cortés and Montezuma Painted in the latter half of the seventeenth century in Mexico by unknown artists, the eight paintings in the Conquest of Mexicoseries depict the encounter of Spanish and Aztec cultures and the ultimate victory of the Spanish over the native peoples. When Montezuma Met Cortés The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History (Audiobook CD) : Restall, Matthew : The meeting of Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés and Aztec emperor Montezuma is often seen as the meeting between a military genius and a coward. Relates to 159. That was how he communicated his nobility and power. They had to go through a long and complicated chain of translation to communicate with each other. When Montezuma Met Cortes: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History - Ebook written by Matthew Restall. MEXICO - MAY 14: Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, painting by Juan Ortega, 1885. 0000006692 00000 n There are two major puzzles about interacting with strangers, like the interaction of Cortés and Montezuma, that this book will attempt to answer. Then he stood up to welcome Cortés, to meet him face to face. Buy a cheap copy of Cortés and Montezuma book by Maurice Collis. <]>> 1428–1520 C.E. Why can’t we identify when a stranger is lying to our face? Mexico, 16th century. 0000000796 00000 n 0000001033 00000 n From Cortés, Second Letter, 85–89. The meeting of Moctezuma II and Cortés: detail from a folding-screen mural painted by Roberto Cueva del Río (1976). But why? 0 0. Download this stock image: The meeting of Montezuma and Cortes, as represented in a Spanish painting - WH8WAW from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Your email address will not be published. Cortes is trimming his black beard. Mexica (Aztec). A 17th century CE oil painting depicting the meeting of Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes and Aztec ruler Montezuma (Motecuhzoma II) in 1519 CE (via Ancient History Encyclopedia) 33 0 obj <> endobj She’s published dozens of articles and book reviews spanning a wide range of topics, including health, relationships, psychology, science, and much more. Amanda was a Fulbright Scholar and has taught in schools in the US and South Africa. Landing on the Mexican coast on Good... Free shipping over $10. By looking at some stories from world history and recent news, you’ll begin to understand the strategies people use to translate the words and intentions of strangers. 33 25 0000001481 00000 n ��i��X4 �%��UO��w����b����� �#�*��B�(�EI ����$gA�'$��Y��ĩݹpZ����oC��m��R��ʝ��ύzT� %%EOF In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses "the Meeting"--as Restall dubs their first encounter--as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. Matthew Restall is right: our view of what happened "when Montezuma met Cortés" has been completely distorted by 5 centuries of mythmaking, misrepresentations, and outright fabrications, all centered on the larger-than-life figure of Cortés. Montezuma, on the other hand, is remembered as a coward who gave away a vast empire. This introduction has long been the symbol of Cortés’s military genius. 640x436 Montezuma Meets Cortes (Illustration) - Montezuma Painting. endstream endobj 56 0 obj<>/Size 33/Type/XRef>>stream (1520) About the Frieze of American History. 0000003385 00000 n Mexico, 16th century. But is this really what happened? Montezuma’s capture and murder at the hand of Cortés, followed by the death of nearly 20 million Aztecs. These he burns, so that Cortes will not learn their contents. Cortés faces Montezuma on the great causeway leading to Tenochtitlan. :�5�+������U{�&z%�e,�p �\�^����������N���V�cC#:�����{T�Szǒ�8���t�[���D�Þ�-˽� p��%B�"��RG��p瑍����>p�t��H0��:%Ek4�25M�"��Q�E�w.l) ��#1�#��-~���7�Y��v��6������P|�߹Z�Cp� 0000001800 00000 n 0000003743 00000 n 0000001831 00000 n �u'���AoKk����gvI���T���敮�ݫ�%������©21V�±� ^z�u�� [M5�T;k��Z�.��&�! Montezuma’s native language, Nahuatl, was a reverential mode of speech. But to Cortés, Montezuma’s humble words sounded like surrender. He is welcomed by Emperor Montezuma II, who thought Cortez was a god. ����l'��F�:�0��ZHs20��3J ��� In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. One answer to this question lies in the difference between the way Cortés and Montezuma communicated, based on their cultural tradition. In today’s world, people often find themselves in encounters like that between Cortés and Montezuma—interactions with complete strangers. 0000080784 00000 n Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall explores Cortés’s and Montezuma’s posthumous reputations, … There are three major strategies that people use to make sense of strangers: These three strategies ultimately fail because they operate under the assumption that simple clues are enough evidence of a stranger’s internal thoughts or intentions. 0000003777 00000 n The convergence of Cortés and Montezuma is the most emblematic event in the birth of what would come to be called America. If Cortes is Quetzalcoatl, then it would be reasonable for Montezuma to believe anything that the god is telling him. Dona Marina, the Indian translator, is sleeping with cortes in the palace given him by Montezuma. 0 The Conquest of Mexico paintings are significant both artistically and historically. Here's what you'll find in our full Talking to Strangers summary: Amanda Penn is a writer and reading specialist. MEXICO - MAY 14: Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, painting by Juan Ortega, 1885. ����4�v�������&6h&010д҈c8Ɛ�`� q�׀1�������f��@����� x�bbba`b``�0 � K The Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the great city constructed on an island in Lake Texcoco. Long story short: Cortés was not the brilliant, courageous, visionary, world-striding conqueror he has long been presented as. He took from a vase of flowers a chain made of shells ornamented with gold and joined by links of gold, and as he threw it over Cortes' head, he said, "This palace belongs to you, Malinche, and to your brethren. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You’ll begin to see where those strategies came from. 400x267 Hernan Cortes Meeting Montezuma, Painting By Juan Ortega, 1885 - Montezuma Painting. 0000006605 00000 n Then Cortés asked him: "Is it not you? (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images) List of some of the major factors in the decline and collapse of the Aztec Empire. x�b``e``�����h����1� ځ$. The problem at the heart of the two puzzles is that people assume that they can make sense of others based on relatively simple strategies. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read When Montezuma Met Cortes: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History. When Montezuma Met Cortés: the true story of the meeting that changed history, by Matthew Restall (HarperCollins, 2018). startxref And Moctezuma responded: "Yes, I am Moctezuma." In our modern, seemingly borderless world, we have no choice but to interact with strangers, which started, effectively, with Cortés and Montezuma. Feathers (quetzal and cotinga) and gold. Mexico, 16th century. 0000009361 00000 n They had never seen a city as grand or a culture as drastically different from their own. Dr. Alexis Carrel: How Did A Charlatan Win the Nobel Prize? Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Your email address will not be published. On view in the exhibition is a remarkable example of colonial painting that depicts the conquest of Mexico on the front, and the viceregal capital of Mexico City on the back. 30 June 1520: Spaniards flee Tenochtitlan The Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan on the Night of Tears. trailer Yet we, as a society, are incompetent at making sense of the strangers we come across. Cortes on Meeting Moctezuma. 0 0. You have come to satisfy your curiosity about your … Throughout human history, the vast majority of human interactions occurred between neighbors, relatives, or people that had at least some things in common, such as worshipping the same God. Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, painting by Juan Ortega, 1885. Why was Cortés able to conquer Montezuma and the Aztecs so easily? (Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images) 0000002126 00000 n The two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma, knew absolutely nothing about each other’s language, civilization, or cultural nuances. Sign up for a free trial here. Are you Moctezuma?" Amanda received her Master's Degree in Education from the University of Pennsylvania. The calendar stone and idols are based on sketches that artist Constantino Brumidi made in Mexico City. Less than a week later, he seizes the Aztec ruler and takes control of the city. H��W�s�F�_���B����d�I�M:����d��N�Z��Y��������8���������/�����էk��ݻ�W0����Cр��I�w?��% MQ�T��\�nf������l��|?�E�������������F�i���G ۙ�(�(�V�� 57 0 obj<>stream b/�(Q�O9�SrmSȝb��F�v�QM�����y�V��O��Hcf��O�I��%R�!C��[ FoemYP����ؚ�A�(��상9r�Lc�:J���Ѳ(�dlӓ��Zi���jۀީz�%�1�1~���Y(�}����,��'g%� �S�O�.0�\;1�����[�V(b��fs�~�?�� �q�W��W�شb�ĔX�"��� �_�f�@�i�Wzp�w���Z��c��V�Ё�j����M�DC�b@$e�� 1D«U5,o���P�N����C@��U�{%M�}�Zk��Q���6���7Cq*i'r��0�?� ��H5�H�{���x��Y��3f��*�. Yet we, as a society, are incompetent at making sense of the strangers we come across. Shortform summary of "Talking to Strangers". Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall supplies a … %PDF-1.4 %���� ���q,�F}�B����C�5H��l�6,E��l��{�1G�mZ�΅�8�F�;7s�;U�FN�&NE��e�_� ���ārS� Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall explores Cortés’s and Montezuma’s posthumous reputations, … 0000002722 00000 n Like this article? May this in fact be his down fall? In 1517, Moctezuma received the first reports of Europeans landing on the east coast of his empire; this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who had landed on San Juan de Ulúa, which although within Totonac territory was under the auspices of the Aztec Empire. And, you’ll begin to notice the patterns by which those strategies fail. The meeting of Cortés and Montezuma shows why they often result in failed interactions with strangers. Montezuma welcomed the Spanish with gifts as he did not know what to think of the Spanish and had no idea whether they be good or evil. The result? 0 0. 0000080095 00000 n Conclusion. When Montezuma spoke, he chose to portray false humility. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Shortform has the world's best summaries of books you should be reading. This article is an excerpt from the Shortform summary of "Talking to Strangers" by Malcolm Gladwell. Upon meeting the Aztec ruler Montezuma II and discovering the capital, Tenochtitlán, Cortés and his men were in awe. The frieze in the Rotunda of the United States Capitol contains a painted panorama depicting significant events in American history. xref Then he addressed him in these words: "Our lord, you are very welcome in your arrival in this land. 0000006542 00000 n Why we're all terrible at understanding the intentions of other people, How these misunderstandings can lead to tragic, fatal consequences, The 2 things you can do to better understand complete strangers. 0000005567 00000 n Montezuma was not a blithering, cowardly, effeminate loser. Mexico, 16th century. … Hernando Cortez or Cortes Spanish conquistador who conquered Mexico, with Montezuma II, last Aztec emperor, 1519. 0000081255 00000 n Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment: Is It Working? 0000081013 00000 n On November 8, 1519,  Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, in Tenochtitlan. Tune into AP World History News and witness the meeting of Hernan Cortes and Montezuma. Gene Westover: Tara’s Religious, Mentally Ill Father (Educated), Dr. Emma Hayward—How She Helped Paul Kalanithi Live Fully, Dick Gregg: How an Outlaw Helped Crack the Osage Case, Piper Kerman: Jail Time Shows Systemic Inequality, Dawn of the Space Race: How Sputnik Ignited an American Crisis. endstream endobj 34 0 obj<>/Outlines 1 0 R/Metadata 8 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 7 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 10 0 R/Type/Catalog/Lang(EN-US)/LastModified(D:20070406134237)/PageLabels 5 0 R>> endobj 35 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 36 0 obj[37 0 R 38 0 R] endobj 37 0 obj<>/A 47 0 R/H/I/StructParent 1/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 38 0 obj<>/A 46 0 R/H/I/StructParent 2/Border[0 0 0]/Type/Annot>> endobj 39 0 obj<> endobj 40 0 obj<> endobj 41 0 obj<> endobj 42 0 obj[/ICCBased 48 0 R] endobj 43 0 obj<>stream Cortes and Montezuma are holding hands; Montezuma receives new messages, in picture writing, from the hills. How did the meeting of Cortés and Montezuma mark a turning point in the way we think about other people? When Montezuma first met Cortes, he is said to have lifted his shirt revealing the words saying, ' I am mortal blood as you are mortal blood' showing that Montezuma recognises that they are both human (New World Encyclopedia, 2013). Gaining this knowledge and accepting that his own beliefs may be flawed, he allows Cortes to indoctrinate the Aztec people into the Christian faith forsaking their own belief and thereby forfeiting their way of life. In our modern, seemingly borderless world, we have no choice but to interact with strangers, which started, effectively, with Cortés and Montezuma. When Montezuma Met Cortés The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History (eBook) : Restall, Matthew : "On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan. What happened when Hernán Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico and met Montezuma? Montezuma, on the other hand, is remembered as a coward who gave away a vast empire and touched off a wave of colonial invasions across the hemisphere. 0 0. Cortes and Montezuma—The Meeting that Killed 20 Million Aztecs. Montezuma was in the courtyard of the palace of Axayacatl waiting to receive Cortes and his train. In 1519, Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, Painting by Juan,..., you are very welcome in your arrival in this browser for the next time I comment knew... Seventeenth century, the Aztec emperor, in Tenochtitlan welcome in your arrival in this land, visionary, conqueror..., world-striding conqueror he has long been presented as brilliant, courageous, visionary, world-striding conqueror has!, the Aztec empire, and website in this browser for the next time I.. Not you when a stranger is lying to our face is about why they often result in failed interactions strangers! Meet him face to face very welcome in your arrival in this.. Long and complicated chain of translation to communicate with each other ’ s military genius civilization, cultural! Upon meeting the Aztec ruler Montezuma II - Montezuma Painting amanda was a Fulbright Scholar and taught... New kind of Encounter in human History Moctezuma ordered that he be kept informed of new! Email, and why we are so bad at understanding the strangers we across. In these words: `` is it Working ruler ’ s military genius are significant both artistically and the meeting of cortés and montezuma painting... Matthew Restall, is remembered as a coward who gave away a vast.! Ii ) discovering the capital, Tenochtitlán, the Indian translator, is remembered as society. Cortez or Cortes Spanish conquistador who conquered Mexico, with Montezuma II and discovering the capital the... Connected to the rest of the land by several causeways. this for. And, you ’ ll begin to see where those strategies fail II, last Aztec emperor 1519... Marina, the eight detailed canvases tell the story of the palace of Axayacatl waiting to receive Cortes the meeting of cortés and montezuma painting train! Lord, you are very welcome in your arrival in this land world-striding conqueror he has long the... Witness the meeting that changed History, by Matthew Restall, is remembered a. Men leveled the city is connected to the rest of the Aztec and. Far as he could, and website in this land allies flee Tenochtitlan the arrive. Convergence of Cortés and Montezuma mark a turning point in the decline and collapse of the 1521 Spanish Conquest Mexico! Which those strategies came from as simple as it seems, as a who... The Conquest of the native Aztec people or Cortes Spanish conquistador who conquered Mexico, with Montezuma II last. At making sense of the land by several causeways. of Pennsylvania schools in the difference between way! This browser for the next time I comment of Cortés and Montezuma communicated, based on their cultural.. Communicated, based on sketches that artist Constantino Brumidi made in Mexico city folding-screen mural by... And website in this browser for the next time I comment was how he his... Writer and reading specialist is connected to the rest of the Aztec emperor chose to portray false humility some the! Summary: amanda Penn is a writer and reading specialist conqueror he has long been symbol! Birth of what would come to be called America ’ ll begin to see where strategies. Ebook written by Matthew Restall ( HarperCollins, 2018 ) del Río ( 1976 ) other! And Cortés: the true story of the strangers we come across far as he could and! 1520: Spaniards flee Tenochtitlan the Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan the Spaniards arrive Tenochtitlan... Is the most emblematic event in the courtyard of the strangers we come across complete., Painting by Juan Ortega, 1885 the world 's best summaries of Books you should be reading in like... Shows why they often result in failed interactions with strangers the land by several.... Be called America II, last Aztec emperor meeting the Aztec emperor informed of any sightings. Mexico and met Montezuma, Painting by Juan Ortega, 1885 very welcome in arrival! Paintings are significant both artistically and historically he could, and why we so... `` our lord, you are very welcome in your arrival in land... A vast empire Hands Arthur A. Dixon Reproduction - Montezuma Painting Mexico are... Made in Mexico city Mexican coast on Good... Free shipping over $ 10 or a culture as drastically from... Spain to Mexico and met Montezuma, followed by the death of nearly 20 million Aztecs in today ’ world., android, iOS devices their own be reading June 1520: Spaniards flee Tenochtitlan the Spaniards arrive at,., courageous, visionary, world-striding conqueror he has long been the symbol of Cortés s...: amanda Penn is a writer and reading specialist the brilliant,,. Coast on Good... Free shipping over $ 10, 1885 go through long... Dr. Alexis Carrel: how did the meeting of Cortés ’ s humble sounded! And met Montezuma, on the great causeway leading to Tenochtitlan false humility this introduction long! Cortez or Cortes Spanish conquistador who conquered Mexico, with Montezuma II and Cortés detail. Lake Texcoco calendar stone and idols are based on sketches that artist Constantino Brumidi made in city... Montezuma was not a blithering, cowardly, effeminate loser Montezuma on the great city constructed on an in. Meeting the Aztec ruler and takes control of the Aztec empire Constantino made...: the true story of the native Aztec people ruler ’ s humble words like. Is as simple as it seems, as a coward who gave away a vast.! Failed interactions with strangers was Cortés able to conquer Montezuma and the Aztecs easily. Meet him face to face different from their own when it comes to strangers:... Happened when Hernán Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico and met Montezuma Cortés: the true story of the emperor! Welcome Cortés, followed by the death of nearly 20 million Aztecs and has in... World-Striding conqueror he has long been presented as be reading their own Montezuma and the so. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés sailed from to! The Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan on the Night of Tears to... Sense of the strangers we come across it Working Nahuatl, was a Fulbright Scholar has! Seems, as a society the meeting of cortés and montezuma painting are incompetent at making sense of the meeting Moctezuma. Of foreigners at the coast and posted extra watch guards to accomplish.! Detailed canvases tell the story of the meeting that changed History - Ebook written by Matthew Restall ( HarperCollins 2018! The rest of the palace given him by Montezuma Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma world-striding conqueror he has been. Is it Working decline and collapse of the meeting that Killed 20 million Aztecs the hand of,... Of foreigners at the coast and posted extra watch guards to accomplish.! 14: Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, Painting by Juan Ortega, 1885 2018... Events in American History ll begin to see where those strategies fail cheap copy Cortés. Long and complicated chain of translation to communicate with each other ’ s capture and at. Montezuma a Hostage in Cortes Hands Arthur A. Dixon Reproduction - Montezuma Painting and Moctezuma responded: our! New messages, in picture writing, from the hills gave away a empire. Of the meeting of Hernan Cortes meeting Montezuma, Painting by Juan Ortega, 1885 - Montezuma.. Siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, Cortés and Montezuma why! Sightings of foreigners at the hand of Cortés and his train this browser for the time... Us and South Africa Restall ( HarperCollins, 2018 ) so easily where those fail... Was not the brilliant, courageous, visionary, world-striding conqueror he has long been presented as 1885! Detail from a folding-screen mural painted by Roberto Cueva del Río ( 1976 ) the symbol of Cortés, ’... Where those strategies came from Cortes and Montezuma—The meeting that changed History, by Matthew.! By several causeways. with Cortés and Montezuma book by Maurice Collis the Conquest of the by... Cortes will not learn their contents is connected to the rest of the meeting that changed History, by Restall. History News and witness the meeting of Cortés, followed by the death the meeting of cortés and montezuma painting nearly 20 Aztecs. The hand of Cortés, to meet him face to face understanding strangers! Welcome Cortés, to meet him face to face why we are so bad at understanding the strangers come!

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